100 Years of Loss

Healing the Legacy of the Residential Schools

For over a century, beginning in the mid-1800s and continuing into the mid-1990s, Aboriginal children in Canada were taken from their homes and communities and placed in institutions called residential schools. These schools were run by religious orders in collaboration with the federal government and were attended by children as young as four or five years of age. Separated from their families and prohibited from speaking their native languages and practicing their culture, the vast majority of the over 150,000 children that attended these schools experienced neglect and suffering. The impacts of sexual, mental, and physical abuse, shame, and deprivation endured at Indian Residential Schools (IRS) continue to affect generations of Survivors, their families, and communities today. Remarkably, in the face of this tremendous adversity, many Survivors and their descendants have retained their language and their culture and continue to work toward healing and reconciliation.

Disclaimer: This web site contains subject matter that may be disturbing to some visitors. 24 Hour National Survivors Crisis Line: 1-866-925-4419.

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A History Of The Residential School System In Canada

Reclaiming History: The Residential School System in Canada

The Recollets, a religious order from France establish the first residential school, near Quebec City.

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Resources & Further Reading

Established in 2000, the Legacy of Hope Foundation (LHF) has become an authority on the subject of the Residential School System in Canada. The LHF mandate, to educate, raise awareness and understanding of the legacy of residential schools has driven the development of a variety of quality resources including a curriculum guide for teachers and educators. In addition, LHF has compiled a comprehensive list of resources produced by other organizations on the subject of the Residential School System.


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About This Site

For more than a decade, the Legacy of Hope Foundation has worked with Survivors, Aboriginal communities, researchers, curators, and educators to develop resources to increase public awareness and knowledge of the history and legacy of the Indian Residential School System. 100 Years of Loss: The Residential School System in Canada is LHF’s newest education program.

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